Document Detail


Proportional assist ventilation in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11570155     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Proportional assist ventilation and respiratory mechanical unloading is a new mode of respiratory assistance that produces similar gas exchange with lower airway pressures than conventional ventilation in infants. This is achieved by tailoring the ventilator pressure contour to the specific derangements in lung mechanics and by a near perfect synchronization with the infant's own inspiratory effort. In contrast to conventional ventilation, PAV only amplifies the effect on ventilation of the spontaneous respiratory effort and relies on the subject's respiratory control. Whether PAV will reduce the incidence of acute complications and chronic pulmonary sequelae in infants needs to be evaluated in randomized controlled trials.
Authors:
A Schulze; E Bancalari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics in perinatology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0095-5108     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Perinatol     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-25     Completed Date:  2002-01-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501306     Medline TA:  Clin Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  561-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Neonatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Airway Resistance
Hemodynamics
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Lung Compliance
Respiration, Artificial / adverse effects,  methods*
Respiratory Mechanics*
Tidal Volume

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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