Document Detail

Proportional assist ventilation and exercise tolerance in subjects with COPD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9106574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether proportional assist ventilation (PAV) applied during constant power submaximal exercise could enable individuals with severe but stable COPD to increase their exercise tolerance. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study having a randomized order of intervention. SETTING: Pulmonary function exercise laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten subjects with severe stable COPD (mean [SD]: age=59 [6] years; FEV1=29 [7]% predicted; FEV1/FVC=33 [7]%; thoracic gas volume=201 [47]% predicted; diffusion of carbon monoxide=36 [10]% predicted; PaO2=76 [8] mm Hg; and PaCO2=41 [4] mm Hg). INTERVENTION: Each subject completed five sessions of cycling at 60 to 70% of their maximum power. The sessions differed only in the type of inspiratory assist: (1) baseline (airway pressure [Paw]=0 cm H2O); (2) proportional assist ventilation (PAV) (volume assist=6 [3] cm H2O/L, flow assist=3 [1] cm H2O/L/s); (3) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) (5 [2] cm H2O); (4) PAV+CPAP; and (5) sham (Paw=0 cm H2O). MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Dyspnea was measured using a modified Borg scale. Subjects reached the same level of dyspnea during all sessions but only PAV+CPAP significantly (p<0.05) increased exercise tolerance (12.88 [8.74] min) vs the sham session (6.60 [3.12] min). Exercise time during the PAV and CPAP sessions was 7.10 [2.83] and 8.26 [5.54] min, respectively. Minute ventilation increased during exercise but only during PAV+CPAP was the end exercise minute ventilation greater than the unassisted baseline end exercise minute ventilation (36.2 [6.7] vs 26.6 [6.4] L/min, respectively; p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, PAV+CPAP provided ventilatory assistance during cycle exercise sufficient to increase the endurance time. It is now appropriate to evaluate whether PAV+CPAP will facilitate exercise training.
T E Dolmage; R S Goldstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  111     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  1997 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-02     Completed Date:  1997-05-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  948-54     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, West Park Hospital, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise Tolerance*
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / physiopathology*,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Positive-Pressure Respiration
Prospective Studies
Respiration, Artificial*
Respiratory Function Tests

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