Document Detail

Propolis and commonly used intracanal irrigants: comparative evaluation of antimicrobial potential.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23855167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
AIM: To evaluate, in vivo, the antimicrobial and inflammatory/irritant potential of Propolis against mixed endodontic aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.
METHOD: An in vivo randomized controlled trial was conducted in a group of 60 children aged 6-12 years presenting with an acute apical abscess of the maxillary primary molars. Fifteen children each were divided randomly into four groups where irrigation during pulpectomy was performed using either 2% chlorhexidine, 4% calcium hydroxide or 4% Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) extract of propolis with normal saline as the control irrigant. Microbiological samples were taken from the disto-buccal root canal before initiating the pulpectomy as well as after 3 days later and for mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacterial cultures.
RESULTS: In all the four groups, a significant decrease in mean aerobic colony forming units (cfu) count was seen. Maximum change in anaerobic cfu count was seen with 2% chlorhexidine.
CONCLUSIONS: Chlorhexidine proved to be superior antimicrobial agent against both endodontic aerobes and anaerobes. Calcium hydroxide was found to be least effective.
M Jolly; N Singh; M Rathore; S Tandon; M Banerjee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1053-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Pediatr Dent     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100079     Medline TA:  J Clin Pediatr Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  243-9     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, India.
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