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Propofol for ECT Anesthesia a Review of the Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24820943     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Propofol is a commonly used anesthetic drug for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), as evidenced by the frequency with which its use is reported in ECT literature. Concerns have been raised over its propensity to be associated with shortened seizure duration vis-à-vis other anesthetic drugs, thus limiting its use in some settings. However, in the surgical anesthesia literature, propofol has shown distinct advantages such as improved hemodynamics and postanesthesia recovery. Given the capricious availability of standard barbiturate anesthetics in some countries, propofol use has probably increased. Thus, a review of its profile for a number of outcome measures in ECT is appropriate. Herein, the author reviews the extensive literature for propofol in ECT, focusing on 5 outcome measures: seizure duration, hemodynamics, postanesthesia recovery, cognitive adverse effects, and therapeutic efficacy. Results indicate that propofol is indeed robustly associated with shorter seizures than other anesthetics but that antidepressant efficacy does not seem to be compromised. Heart rate and blood pressure changes are not as high with propofol, and postanesthesia recovery may be quicker with propofol as well. Not enough data are available regarding cognitive adverse effects to make definitive conclusions, but so far, there does not seem to be a worsened cognitive profile when it is used in ECT. Propofol seems to be an acceptable anesthetic for ECT with advantages for some situations. Using the lowest effective anesthetic dosage minimizes its effect on seizure elicitation and duration.
Authors:
Keith G Rasmussen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of ECT     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4112     ISO Abbreviation:  J ECT     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808943     Medline TA:  J ECT     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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