Document Detail


Prophylactic therapy with combined granisetron and dexamethasone for the prevention of post-operative vomiting in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10434165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy and safety of granisetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonist, and dexamethasone and each drug alone for the prevention of post-operative vomiting by children, with no history of motion sickness and/or previous post-operative vomiting, undergoing general inhalational anaesthesia for surgery (inguinal hernia and phimosis). In a randomized, double-blind manner, 150 children, ASA physical status 1, aged 4-10 years, were assigned to receive granisetron 40 mg kg-1, dexamethasone 150 mg kg-1, or granisetron 40 mg kg-1 plus dexamethasone 150 mg kg-1 intravenously immediately after inhalation induction of anaesthesia (n = 50 of each). A complete response, defined as no emesis and no need for another rescue anti-emetic during the first 24 h after anaesthesia, was 86% with granisetron, 68% with dexamethasone and 98% with granisetron plus dexamethasone, respectively (P < 0.05; overall Fisher's exact probability test). No clinically serious adverse events were observed in any of the groups. In conclusion, prophylactic therapy with combined granisetron and dexamethasone was more effective than was each anti-emetic alone for the prevention of vomiting after paediatric surgery.
Authors:
Y Fujii; Y Saitoh; H Tanaka; H Toyooka
Related Documents :
10652115 - Nissen-type fundoplication and its effects on the emetic reflex and gastric motility in...
20563475 - Early extubation in the operating room in children after cardiac heart surgery.
19594935 - Children's vomiting following posterior fossa surgery: a retrospective study.
17630475 - Follow-up of cholesteatoma surgery: open versus closed tympanoplasty.
1856475 - Television viewing and early initiation of sexual intercourse: is there a link?
24548085 - Tuberculosis in children.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Retracted Publication    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of anaesthesiology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0265-0215     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-17     Completed Date:  1999-09-17     Revised Date:  2014-04-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8411711     Medline TA:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  376-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia, Inhalation
Antiemetics / administration & dosage*
Child
Child, Preschool
Dexamethasone / administration & dosage*
Double-Blind Method
Drug Therapy, Combination
Female
Granisetron / administration & dosage*
Hernia, Inguinal / surgery
Humans
Male
Phimosis / surgery
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting / prevention & control*
Serotonin Antagonists / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antiemetics; 0/Serotonin Antagonists; 7S5I7G3JQL/Dexamethasone; WZG3J2MCOL/Granisetron
Comments/Corrections
Retraction In:
Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013 May;30(5):263-4   [PMID:  23571442 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comparative evaluation of the prolonged use of the cuffed oropharyngeal airway and the laryngeal mas...
Next Document:  Effects of theophylline on human cerebral blood flow velocity during halothane and isoflurane anaest...