Document Detail


Prophylactic lidocaine hydrochloride does not reduce ventricular arrhythmias after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with poor left ventricular function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8070826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Prophylactic lidocaine hydrochloride infusion followed by oral mexiletine hydrochloride was administered in the early post operative period to patients with poor left ventricular function undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, to determine whether this decreased the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death due to arrhythmias. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups of 50 each, the lidocaine prophylaxis group and the placebo infusion group. In the lidocaine prophylaxis group bolus dose of 1.5 mg/kg lidocaine hydrochloride was administered just before release of aortic cross clamp followed by an infusion at the rate of 2 mg/min. Oral mexiletine hydrochloride 150 mg 8 hourly was started after 24 hours and continued till discharge. The results showed that 17/50, patients developed ventricular arrhythmias in the lidocaine prophylaxis group and 22/50, in the placebo group in the first postoperative week. The incidence of ventricular arrhythmias apart from ventricular fibrillation was almost similar in both groups, 13/50, and 14/50, in the lidocaine prophylaxis and placebo infusion groups respectively. The incidence of ventricular fibrillation was 4/50, in the placebo infusion group and 2/50, in the lidocaine prophylaxis group (p < 0.05). Total number of deaths were 3 in each group. We concluded that this antiarrhythmic regimen in patients with poor left ventricular function did not decrease the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias or death due to arrhythmias in the early post operative period.
Authors:
R Juneja; Y Mehta; N Trehan
Related Documents :
2996726 - The influence of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity on regional left ventricular functi...
6851036 - Effects of propranolol on blood lipids and lipoproteins in myocardial infarction.
4911756 - Bretylium tosylate in prevention of cardiac dysrhythmias after myocardial infarction.
7468476 - Regional myocardial kinetics of lidocaine in experimental infarction: modulation by reg...
9300306 - Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation.
23380086 - Anatomical structures underneath the sternum in healthy adults and implications for che...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian heart journal     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0019-4832     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian Heart J     Publication Date:    1993 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-09-27     Completed Date:  1994-09-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374675     Medline TA:  Indian Heart J     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  483-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre New Delhi.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / prevention & control*
Coronary Artery Bypass*
Female
Humans
Lidocaine / therapeutic use*
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology,  surgery
Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
Premedication
Ventricular Function, Left*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
137-58-6/Lidocaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Surgical correction of aneurysms of sinus of Valsalva--a report of 22 cases.
Next Document:  Enhanced lipid peroxidation in patients during coronary artery bypass grafting.