Document Detail

Properties and serum levels of pregnancy-associated variant of human transcortin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3593767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The amino acid composition, N- and C-terminal amino acid sequences, and the basic physicochemical and immunochemical properties of the recently discovered pregnancy-associated molecular variant of human transcortin (Strel'chyonok, O.A., Avvakumov, G.V. and Akhrem, A.A. (1984) Carbohydr. Res. 134, 133-140) have been found to be identical to those of transcortin from normal donor serum. This suggests the identity of polypeptide moieties of the two glycoproteins. The transcortin variant has a lower isoelectric point (3.5-4.1) than normal transcortin (3.6-4.2), and different electrophoretic mobility in low-porosity polyacrylamide gel (one band versus two for normal transcortin). These differences can be reasonably explained by different organization of the carbohydrate moieties of these glycoproteins due to diverse post-translational modification of a single polypeptide chain. The levels of transcortin variant in the maternal venous serum throughout normal gestation (447 donors in all) and on the fifth day after delivery, as well as in umbilical cord serum and extracts of term placenta, have been measured by a radioimmune assay. Analysis of the data obtained allowed us to conclude that the biosynthesis of pregnancy-associated transcortin variant occurs in some organ of the maternal organism rather than in the feto-placental system, and it is a characteristic of pregnancy as a unique physiological state of the female organism rather than a phenomenon caused by individual features of certain women. We assume that the transcortin variant takes part in the guided transport of corticosteroids and/or progestins into some tissues that develop in the course of gestation.
G V Avvakumov; O A Strel'chyonok
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  925     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochim. Biophys. Acta     Publication Date:  1987 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-08-17     Completed Date:  1987-08-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Sequence
Carbohydrates / analysis
Fetal Blood / analysis
Gene Expression Regulation
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Isoelectric Point
Pregnancy / blood*
Protein Processing, Post-Translational
Transcortin / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbohydrates; 9010-38-2/Transcortin

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