Document Detail

Properties of a projection pathway from the medial preoptic nucleus to the midbrain periaqueductal gray of the rat and its role in the regulation of cardiovascular function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8973808     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this study we examined (1) the effect of stimulation of the MPO on the firing activity of neurons in the PAG, (2) the role of glutamic acid in this interaction and, (3) whether reversible blockade of neuronal activity in the PAG by lidocaine can alter the effect of stimulation of the MPO on arterial blood pressure. Single pulse stimulation of the MPO produced a biphasic response in 2/32 cells and inhibited 3/32 cells. Train electrical stimulation excited 21/54 cells and inhibited 12/54 cells. The latencies to the onset of the excitatory and the inhibitory effects were not different, but the duration of the excitatory effect was slightly longer than that of the inhibitory effect. Chemical stimulation of the MPO excited 17/97 cells and inhibited 16/97 cells. The latency to onset of the excitatory response to stimulation of the MPO was longer but the duration was shorter than that of the inhibitory response. In 83% of the animals (29/35), stimulation of the MPO produced a decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP). The duration of the response was 196.9 +/- 20.9 s and the average decrease in the MAP was 18.2 +/- 1.4 mmHg. Application of KYN blocked the excitatory response to stimulation of the MPO in 8/16 cells and the inhibitory response of 3/10 cells. Injection of lidocaine into the PAG by itself had no effect on the arterial blood pressure. However, in all animals (n = 10) lidocaine totally or significantly reduced the magnitude of the blood pressure change produced by stimulation of the MPO in a reversible manner. These studies electrophysiologically confirm a pathway between the MPO and the PAG that is, in part, under glutamatergic control. In addition, our results demonstrate that stimulation of the MPO produces a distinctive depressor effect that is mediated through the PAG.
M M Behbehani; T M Da Costa Gomez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  740     ISSN:  0006-8993     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-19     Completed Date:  1997-03-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, University of Cincinnati, OH 45267-0576, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Electric Stimulation
Neural Pathways / physiology*
Periaqueductal Gray / physiology*
Preoptic Area / physiology*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support

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