Document Detail


Properties of bacteria isolated from deep-sea sediments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  5636819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thirty-eight isolates were subjected to taxonomic analysis by computer. Of the 38 isolates, 31 were from sediment samples collected at depths from 9,400 to 10,400 meters in the Philippine and Marianas Trenches of the Pacific Ocean, and 7 cultures were from seawater samples collected at various depths from surface to 4,000 meters and from several locations in the Pacific Ocean. A total of 116 characteristics were determined for each isolate, coded, and transferred to punch cards. Similarity values were obtained by computer analysis, with the use of two recently developed computer programs. Five distinct phenetic clusters were observed from the numerical analyses. Four of the clusters were identified as species of the genus Pseudomonas, and one, as an aerogenic species of Aeromonas. Group IV was identified as pigmented Pseudomonas fluorescens, and the major cluster, consisting of groups I and II, which merged at a species level of similarity, was treated as a new species of Pseudomonas. The 38 strain data were compared with data for 132 marine and nonmarine strains previously subjected to computer taxonomic analysis. The barotolerant deep-sea strains, with the exception of the deep-sea P. fluorescens isolates, clustered separately from all other marine strains.
Authors:
M M Quigley; R R Colwell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bacteriology     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0021-9193     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Bacteriol.     Publication Date:  1968 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1968-04-08     Completed Date:  1968-04-08     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985120R     Medline TA:  J Bacteriol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aeromonas / isolation & purification
Bacteria / classification,  isolation & purification*
Computers
Marine Biology*
Pseudomonas / isolation & purification
Water Microbiology*
Comments/Corrections

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