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Acid/Base Properties and Phenylphosphonic Acid Complexation at the Boehmite/Water Interface
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8954688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Acid/base properties and phenylphosphonic acid (H2L) complexation at the boehmite (gamma-AlOOH)/water interface have been studied by means of potentiometric titrations and batch experiments. All measurements have been performed in 0.100 M Na(Cl) ionic medium at 25degreesC. The experimental data have been evaluated on the basis of the surface complexation concept with the use of the constant capacitance model to account for electrostatic contributions. It was found that the boehmite surface possesses 65% higher proton exchange capacity per surface area unit than previously recorded for an aged gamma-Al2O3 surface. This high surface concentration (0.51 mol/kg gamma-AlOOH; site density = 1.71 sites/nm2) was reflected in the acid/base model as a large contribution from electrostatic forces, and accordingly as a low specific capacitance value. The model describing the acid/base reactions at the boehmite surface is given by the following reactions, intrinsic constants, and specific capacitance: $\displaylines{ \hfill\equiv\!\!\equiv \hbox{AlOH} + \hbox{H}^+ {\enspace}^{\rightarrow}_{\leftarrow}{\enspace} \equiv\!\!\equiv \hbox{AlOH}^+_2;\ \log\beta_{\rm(int)} = 7.47 \pm 0.06\hfill\cr \hfill\equiv\!\!\equiv \hbox{AlOH} {\enspace}^{\rightarrow}_{\leftarrow}{\enspace} \equiv\!\!\equiv \hbox{AlO}^- + \hbox{H}^+;\ \log\beta_{\rm(int)} = -9.81 \pm 0.18\hfill\cr \hfill C = 0.92 \hbox{F/m}^2\hfill\cr } $ The maximum adsorption of phenylphosphonic acid was observed at -log [H+] < 7 and it was found to equal 50% of the proton exchange capacity. Within the approximate range of 7.7 < -log[H+] < 9.5, a strong decrease in adsorption affinity occurs. Data for the three-component system H+-gamma-AlOOH surface-phenylphosphonic acid can be explained with a model assuming a formation of two 1:2 $ (\hbox{H}_2L/\equiv\!\!\equiv\hbox{AlOH}) $ complexes according to the reactions $ \displaylines{ \matrix{\equiv\!\!\equiv\hbox{AlOH}\cr \vert\cr \equiv\!\!\equiv\hbox{AlOH}\cr} + \hbox{ H}_2L{\enspace}^{\rightarrow}_{\leftarrow}{\enspace} \left(\matrix{\equiv\!\!\equiv \hbox{Al}\cr \hphantom{\equiv\!\!\equiv\qquad}\vert\hbox{ OH}&\cr \equiv\!\!\equiv\hbox{Al} &\cr}\right)L\hbox{H} + \hbox{H}_2\hbox{O};\hfill\cr \hfill\log\beta_{\rm(int)} = 9.53 \pm 0.07\cr \matrix{\equiv\!\!\equiv\hbox{AlOH}\cr \vert\cr \equiv\!\!\equiv\hbox{AlOH}\cr} + \hbox{ H}_2L{\enspace}^{\rightarrow}_{\leftarrow}{\enspace} \left(\matrix{\equiv\!\!\equiv \hbox{Al}\cr \hphantom{\equiv\!\!\equiv\qquad}\vert\hbox{ OH}&\cr \equiv\!\!\equiv\hbox{Al} &\cr}\right)L^- + \hbox{H}^+ + \hbox{H}_2\hbox{O};\hfill\cr \hfill\log\beta_{\rm(int)} = 2.56 \pm 0.04\cr } $ No attempts were made to further adjust the acid/base model during the evaluation of the three-component model. The acid/base and phenylphosphonic acid complexation features of the boehmite surface have been compared to those of the aged gamma-Al2O3.
Laiti; ohman
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of colloid and interface science     Volume:  183     ISSN:  1095-7103     ISO Abbreviation:  J Colloid Interface Sci     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043125     Medline TA:  J Colloid Interface Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  441-52     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Umea University, Umea, S-901 87, Sweden
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