Document Detail


Promotion of physical activity in low-income mothers using pedometers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17524717     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effectiveness of a pedometer program for increasing physical activity levels and reducing body weight in overweight and obese mothers of young children. DESIGN: Participants' motivational readiness to exercise, exercise self-efficacy, pedometer steps, pedometer kilocalories, and anthropometrics were evaluated at week 0 and week 8; anthropometrics were reassessed at week 24. Healthful-weight mothers provided comparison data at baseline. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A convenience sample of 93 intervention women (body mass index [calculated as kg/m(2)] >or=25) and 31 comparison women (body mass index <25) were recruited from public health clinics, community centers, and churches. Eligibility criteria included Hispanic, African-American, or white ethnicity and low income (<200% of the federal poverty index). INTERVENTION: An 8-week physical activity and dietary program was conducted. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Motivational readiness to exercise, exercise self-efficacy, pedometer steps, and weight loss. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Independent sample t tests, chi(2) tests, paired t tests, Wilcoxon signed-ranks tests, repeated measures analysis of variance, and Pearson and Spearman correlations. RESULTS: Mothers enhanced their motivational readiness to exercise, exercise self-efficacy, pedometer steps, and pedometer kilocalories. Reductions in body weight, percent body fat, and waist circumference also were observed. Significant correlations were found between exercise self-efficacy and exercise readiness (r=0.28, P<0.01), pedometer steps (r=0.30, P<0.01), and pedometer kilocalories (r=0.28, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This intervention successfully increased the physical activity levels and promoted weight loss in low-income mothers. Public health clinics may wish to incorporate elements of this intervention into their programs to improve the physical fitness of recipients.
Authors:
Kristine K Clarke; Jeanne Freeland-Graves; Deborah M Klohe-Lehman; Tracey J Milani; Henry J Nuss; Shirley Laffrey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-25     Completed Date:  2007-07-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  962-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Nutrition, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Body Mass Index
Female
Health Promotion / methods*
Humans
Middle Aged
Mothers / education,  psychology*
Motivation*
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Obesity / prevention & control,  psychology,  therapy*
Physical Fitness
Poverty
Self Efficacy*
Treatment Outcome
Walking / physiology*
Weight Loss

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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