Document Detail

Promoting academic achievement: the role of peers and family in the academic engagement of african american adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20658436     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
While grades are frequently used as indicators of academic achievement, they provide little information about the processes that encourage academic success. Academic engagement, on the other hand, evaluates thoughts, motivations, and behaviors that predict achievement and helps elucidate achievement mechanisms. Understanding academic engagement can facilitate an examination of the forces influencing and hindering achievement and can guide researchers and educators in developing and evaluating effective interventions for increasing academic success. Grounded in ecological theory, this study attempts to understand the influence of family cohesion and peer risky behavior on academic engagement. First, the study explores how socializing with peers who engage in risky behaviors (e.g., sexual behaviors, truancy, or substance use) influences academic engagement and its components (i.e., interest in school, education utility value, and academic effort). Second, the study assesses whether family cohesion buffers the relationship between socializing with these peers and academic engagement. The findings from hierarchical linear regression indicate that socializing with peers who engage in risky behaviors has a significant, negative impact on academic engagement. Family cohesion also was significantly associated with academic engagement over and beyond the effects of risky peers. Implications for families, schools, communities, and programming are discussed.
Pia Stanard; Faye Z Belgrave; Maya A Corneille; Karen D Wilson; Kristal Owens
Related Documents :
22091856 - Pro-natalist population policies in czechoslovakia.
19515496 - Disfiguring burns and the experienced reactions in iran: consequences and strategies--a...
2532246 - Behavior of the disabled child over sequential dental visits.
22219546 - Spoon-to-cup fading as treatment for cup drinking in a child with intestinal failure.
17347586 - Sexual oncology: sexual health issues in women with cancer.
10359996 - Biopsychosocial aspects of chronic illness.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of prevention & intervention in the community     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1540-7330     ISO Abbreviation:  J Prev Interv Community     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9702085     Medline TA:  J Prev Interv Community     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  198-212     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Semantic abilities predict expressive lexicon in children with typical and atypical language develop...
Next Document:  Mechanisms of diabetic nephropathy--old buddies and newcomers part 2.