Document Detail

Prolonged sevoflurane, isoflurane and halothane anaesthesia in oxygen using rebreathing or non-rebreathing system in cats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9857834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Effects of prolonged sevoflurane, isoflurane and halothane anaesthesia in oxygen on clinical, cardiopulmonary, haematologic, and serum biochemical findings were compared in healthy, premedicated cats breathing spontaneously during 6 h of anaesthesia using rebreathing (semi-closed circuit) or non-rebreathing (Bain coaxial circuit) system. Recovery from anaesthesia with sevoflurane was more rapid than that with halothane or isoflurane in both systems. Respiration and heart rates during sevoflurane anaesthesia were similar to those during isoflurane rather than halothane anaesthesia in both systems. The degree of respiratory acidosis during prolonged sevoflurane anaesthesia was similar to that during isoflurane anaesthesia, and was less than that during halothane anaesthesia in both rebreathing and non-rebreathing systems. Prolonged sevoflurane anaesthesia induced mean arterial pressure similar to isoflurane or halothane anaesthesia in the non-rebreathing system, but it depressed mean arterial pressure less than isoflurane or halothane anaesthesia in the rebreathing system. Time related increase in the arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure was observed during halothane anaesthesia especially in the rebreathing system, however, no significant time-related changes in cardiopulmonary variables were observed during either sevoflurane or isoflurane anaesthesia in both systems. There were no significant differences among sevoflurane, isoflurane and halothane anaesthesia in serum biochemical values in both systems.
Y Hikasa; M Yamashita; K Takase; S Ogasawara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe A     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0514-7158     ISO Abbreviation:  Zentralbl Veterinarmed A     Publication Date:  1998 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-01-19     Completed Date:  1999-01-19     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0331323     Medline TA:  Zentralbl Veterinarmed A     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  559-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Inhalation / veterinary*
Anesthetics, Inhalation / pharmacology*
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Cats / surgery*
Enzymes / blood
Halothane / pharmacology*
Heart Rate / drug effects
Isoflurane / pharmacology*
Methyl Ethers / pharmacology*
Oxygen / blood
Respiration / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Inhalation; 0/Enzymes; 0/Methyl Ethers; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 151-67-7/Halothane; 26675-46-7/Isoflurane; 28523-86-6/sevoflurane; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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