Document Detail


Prolonged Use of Aspirin Alters Human and Rat Intestinal Cells and Thereby Limits the Absorption of Clopidogrel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21900887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Clopidogrel therapy to prevent atherothrombosis faces the challenge of reduced responsiveness. The absorption of clopidogrel is regulated by multidrug-resistance protein 1 (MDR1) in the intestinal epithelium. Given that aspirin induces MDR1 in cancer cells and peripheral blood cells, it may induce MDR1 in intestinal epithelial cells as well, thereby affecting the absorption of clopidogrel. In this study, aspirin treatment induced the expression of MDR1 in human epithelial colorectal (Caco-2) cells in vitro and in rat intestine in vivo, as evidenced by dose-dependent increases in gene, protein, and efflux function. Along with the upregulation of MDR1 proteins by aspirin, clopidogrel absorption was significantly decreased in the aspirin-treated Caco-2 cells and in rat intestine. Our data provide evidence that prolonged use of aspirin may reduce the intestinal absorption of clopidogrel. Further human studies would be necessary to clarify whether these data have any relevance to prevention of stroke or myocardial infarction.
Authors:
K-H Jung; K Chu; S-T Lee; H-J Yoon; J-Y Chang; W-S Nam; S-H Yoon; J-Y Cho; K-S Yu; I-J Jang; M Kim; S K Lee; J-K Roh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6535     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372741     Medline TA:  Clin Pharmacol Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Research Institute, SNUMRC, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
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