Document Detail


Prolonged QRS duration and severity of mitral regurgitation are unfavorable prognostic markers of heart failure in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16377925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to identify predictors of event-free survival in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) patients after administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and beta-blockers. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 78 consecutive patients with NIDCM between 1997 and 2002. NIDCM was defined as ejection fraction (EF) <0.40 and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) >55 mm on echocardiography and normal coronary angiography. The mean EF and LVEDD was 26.3 +/- 10.5%, and 62.9 +/- 7.1 mm, respectively. Patients were treated with optimal medical therapy including ACEI/ARBs and/or beta-blockers and followed up for 35.6 +/- 27.8 months. The primary endpoint was either cardiac death or hospitalization because of deterioration of heart failure. Cox's regression analysis was used to establish the association of age, sex, EF, LVEDD, left atrial diameter, cardiac index, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, QRS duration, severity of mitral regurgitation, body mass index, New York Heart Association class and the presence of atrial fibrillation with these events. During follow-up, 23 patients reached the primary endpoint. In a multivariate analysis, EF (chi-square 5.74, p=0.0166), severity of mitral regurgitation (chi-square 12.31, p=0.0004), and QRS duration (chi-square 11.20, p=0.0008) remained significant predictors. CONCLUSION: In NIDCM patients, prolonged QRS duration is a high risk factor for remodeling and unfavorable events. The severity of mitral regurgitation was also a strong risk predictor.
Authors:
Eisuke Amiya; Kengo Tanabe; Yuji Ikari; Yoshihiro Nakajima; Kazuhiro Hara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  70     ISSN:  1346-9843     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. J.     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-26     Completed Date:  2006-01-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. amiyae-tky@umin.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology*
Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / physiopathology*
Disease-Free Survival
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Failure / physiopathology*
Heart Function Tests
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology*
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Time Factors
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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