Document Detail

Prolonged Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time: Difficulties in Discriminating Coexistent Factor VIII Inhibitor and Lupus Anticoagulant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24989713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
To review the diagnostic difficulties of a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) when 2 inhibitors with opposite clinical presentations coexist, we searched MEDLINE from January 1970 to November 2013 using acquired, factor VIII (FVIII), factor IX, hemophilia A and B, inhibitor, lupus anticoagulant (LA), antiphospholipid, anticardiolipin, anti-β2-glycoprotein I, antibodies, syndrome, bleeding, and thrombosis. We identified 13 articles for a total of 15 cases of possible coexistence of FVIII inhibitor and LA. The presenting clinical manifestation was thrombosis in 6 cases and bleeding in 9 cases. Activated partial thromboplastin time was the presenting laboratory abnormality in all cases, and first-line investigations suggested the coexistence of LA and acquired FVIII inhibitor. None of the articles addressed the diagnostic accuracy of the screening tests by performing "second line" assays. We reviewed the diagnostic pitfalls of the cases under study and provide some guidance for alternative tests when facing a prolonged aPTT that may have a double meaning.
Paul R J Ames; Maria Graf; Jeremy Archer; Nicola Scarpato; Luigi Iannaccone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-2723     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Appl. Thromb. Hemost.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508125     Medline TA:  Clin Appl Thromb Hemost     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author(s) 2014.
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