Document Detail


Projected socioeconomic disparities in the prevalence of obesity among Australian adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23216497     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To project prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity by educational attainment, assuming a continuation of the observed individual weight change in the 5-year follow-up of the national population survey, the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study (AusDiab; 2000-2005).
METHODS: Age-specific transition probabilities between BMI categories, estimated using logistic regression, were entered into education-level-specific, incidence-based, multi-state life tables. Assuming a continuation of the weight change observed in AusDiab, these life tables estimate the prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity for Australian adults with low (secondary), medium (diploma) and high (degree) levels of education between 2005 and 2025.
RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity among individuals with secondary level educational attainment is estimated to increase from 23% in 2000 to 44% in 2025. Among individuals with a degree qualification or higher, it will increase from 14% to 30%. If all current educational inequalities in weight change could be eliminated, the projected difference in the prevalence of obesity by 2025 between the highest and lowest educated categories would only be reduced by half (to a 6 percentage point difference from 14 percentage points).
CONCLUSION: We predict that almost half of Australian adults with low educational status will be obese by 2025. Current trends in obesity have the potential to drive an increase in the absolute difference in obesity prevalence between educational categories in future years.
IMPLICATIONS: Unless obesity prevention and management strategies focus specifically on narrowing social inequalities in obesity, inequalities in health are likely to widen.
Authors:
Kathryn Backholer; Haider R Mannan; Dianna J Magliano; Helen L Walls; Chris Stevenson; Alison Beauchamp; Jonathan E Shaw; Anna Peeters
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-06-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1753-6405     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  2013-05-23     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  557-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. ANZJPH © 2012 Public Health Association of Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Australia / epidemiology
Body Mass Index
Educational Status*
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Incidence
Life Tables
Logistic Models
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / epidemiology*
Population Surveillance
Prevalence
Socioeconomic Factors*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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