Document Detail


Progressive resistance exercise in physical therapy: a summary of systematic reviews.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16253049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Progressive resistance exercise (PRE) is a method of increasing the ability of muscles to generate force. However, the effectiveness and safety of PRE for clients of physical therapists are not well known. The purpose of this article is to review the evidence on positive and negative effects of PRE as a physical therapy intervention. Electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews on PRE and any relevant randomized trials published after the last available review. The search yielded 18 systematic reviews under major areas of physical therapy: cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, and gerontology. Across conditions, PRE was shown to improve the ability to generate force, with moderate to large effect sizes that may carry over into an improved ability to perform daily activities. Further research is needed to determine the potential negative effects of PRE, how to maximize carryover into everyday activities, and what effect, if any, PRE has on societal participation.
Authors:
Nicholas F Taylor; Karen J Dodd; Diane L Damiano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical therapy     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0031-9023     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-28     Completed Date:  2006-01-06     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0022623     Medline TA:  Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1208-23     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Musculoskeletal Research Centre, School of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia 3086. N.Taylor@latrobe.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Arthritis / rehabilitation
Back Pain / rehabilitation
Cerebral Palsy / rehabilitation
Evidence-Based Medicine
Exercise Therapy / adverse effects,  methods,  standards*
Fractures, Bone / rehabilitation
Health Services Needs and Demand
Humans
Hypertension / rehabilitation
Neck Pain / rehabilitation
Patient Selection
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / rehabilitation
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic / standards
Research Design / standards
Rest
Safety
Stroke / rehabilitation
Treatment Outcome
Weight Lifting / physiology,  psychology,  standards*
Weight-Bearing

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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