Document Detail

Progression of auditory discrimination based on neural decoding predicts awakening from coma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23148350     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Auditory evoked potentials are informative of intact cortical functions of comatose patients. The integrity of auditory functions evaluated using mismatch negativity paradigms has been associated with their chances of survival. However, because auditory discrimination is assessed at various delays after coma onset, it is still unclear whether this impairment depends on the time of the recording. We hypothesized that impairment in auditory discrimination capabilities is indicative of coma progression, rather than of the comatose state itself and that rudimentary auditory discrimination remains intact during acute stages of coma. We studied 30 post-anoxic comatose patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest and five healthy, age-matched controls. Using a mismatch negativity paradigm, we performed two electroencephalography recordings with a standard 19-channel clinical montage: the first within 24 h after coma onset and under mild therapeutic hypothermia, and the second after 1 day and under normothermic conditions. We analysed electroencephalography responses based on a multivariate decoding algorithm that automatically quantifies neural discrimination at the single patient level. Results showed high average decoding accuracy in discriminating sounds both for control subjects and comatose patients. Importantly, accurate decoding was largely independent of patients' chance of survival. However, the progression of auditory discrimination between the first and second recordings was informative of a patient's chance of survival. A deterioration of auditory discrimination was observed in all non-survivors (equivalent to 100% positive predictive value for survivors). We show, for the first time, evidence of intact auditory processing even in comatose patients who do not survive and that progression of sound discrimination over time is informative of a patient's chance of survival. Tracking auditory discrimination in comatose patients could provide new insight to the chance of awakening in a quantitative and automatic fashion during early stages of coma.
Athina Tzovara; Andrea O Rossetti; Lucas Spierer; Jeremy Grivel; Micah M Murray; Mauro Oddo; Marzia De Lucia
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain : a journal of neurology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2156     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372537     Medline TA:  Brain     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1 Electroencephalography Brain Mapping Core, Centre for Biomedical Imaging (CIBM), Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland.
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