Document Detail

Progress in nemertean biology: development and phylogeny.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21708766     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This paper reviews progress in developmental biology and phylogeny of the Nemertea, a common but poorly studied spiralian taxon of considerable ecological and evolutionary significance. Analyses of reproductive biology (including calcium dynamics during fertilization and oocyte maturation), larval morphology and development and developmental genetics have significantly extended our knowledge of spiralian developmental biology. Developmental genetics studies have in addition provided characters useful for reconstructing metazoan phylogeny. Reinvestigation of the cell lineage of Cerebratulus lacteus using fluorescent tracers revealed that endomesoderm forms from the 4d cell as in other spiralians and that ectomesoderm is derived from the 3a and 3b cells as in annelids, echiurans and molluscs. Studies examining blastomere specification show that cell fates are established precociously in direct developers and later in indirect developers. Morphological characters used to estimate the phylogenetic position of nemerteans are critically re-evaluated, and cladistic analyses of morphology reveal that conflicting hypotheses of nemertean relationships result because of different provisional homology statements. Analyses that include disputed homology statements (1, gliointerstitial cell system 2, coelomic circulatory system) suggest that nemerteans form the sister taxon to the coelomate spiralian taxa rather than the sister taxon to Platyhelminthes. Analyses of small subunit rRNA (18S rDNA) sequences alone or in combination with morphological characters support the inclusion of the nemerteans in a spiralian coelomate clade nested within a more inclusive lophotrochozoan clade. Ongoing evaluation of nemertean relationships with mitochondrial gene rearrangements and other molecular characters is discussed.
J M Turbeville
Related Documents :
21985446 - Plakophilin-2 and the migration, differentiation and transformation of cells derived fr...
21831236 - Early onset of primary hypogonadism revealed by serum anti-müllerian hormone determinat...
21743966 - Proteomic approaches to study epigallocatechin gallate-provoked apoptosis of tsgh-8301 ...
21728816 - The efficiency of cell fusion-based reprogramming is affected by the somatic cell type ...
1848086 - Alveolar type ii cells isolated after silica-induced lung injury in rats have increased...
16026546 - Formation of spacing pattern and morphogenesis of chick feather buds is regulated by cy...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Integrative and comparative biology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1540-7063     ISO Abbreviation:  Integr. Comp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101152341     Medline TA:  Integr Comp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  692-703     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The phylogenetic position of entoprocta, ectoprocta, phoronida, and brachiopoda.
Next Document:  Modulation of the crayfish escape reflex--physiology and neuroethology.