Document Detail

Prognostic value of Smac expression in rectal cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21264534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The objective was to evaluate expression of second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (Smac) expression before and after treatment in patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer and to correlate the clinicopathological characteristics and level of Smac expression with pathologic response and outcome. Expression of biomarker was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in tumor samples from 98 patients with clinical Stage II and III rectal cancer treated with preoperative pelvic radiotherapy plus concurrent chemotherapy. All patients received a standardized total mesorectal excision procedure after a long interval of 4-6 weeks. For Smac, patients with a good response to neoadjuvant CRT tended to have higher pre-therapy levels (P = 0.007). The level of Smac expression decreased after neoadjuvant therapy (P = 0.016). High expression of Smac before CRT, and high Dworak's tumor regression grade (TRG) were significantly associated with improved 5-year disease-free survival (P < 0.05). Pretreatment nodal status also was significantly associated with 5-year disease-free survival and 5-year local relapse-free survival (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis confirmed that the pretreatment expression of Smac and Lymph nodal status were independent prognostic factors. Our study suggests that high expression of Smac before neoadjuvant CRT could predict good outcome in locally advanced rectal cancer patients.
Hongjiang Yan; Jinming Yu; Renben Wang; Shumei Jiang; Kunli Zhu; Dianbin Mu; Zhongfa Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-131X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9435512     Medline TA:  Med Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Tumor Hospital, Jinan, 250117, China.
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