Document Detail

Prognostic signs in fetal hydrocephalus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3524839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An antenatal diagnosis of fetal hydrocephalus was made in 38 cases. Using certain criteria for the assessment of fetal prognosis, 23 cases were considered to be severely affected. Postnatal evaluation of these 23 cases established the extensive severity of fetal abnormality in all cases. The prognosis was estimated to be more favorable in 10 cases, of which 8 were delivered by elective cesarean section and 2 by spontaneous vaginal delivery. In 9 cases a ventriculoatrial shunting procedure was performed early in the neonatal period, while 1 case was treated conservatively. Follow-up of these 10 cases (at 7 months to 5 years of age) revealed normal or subnormal development in 6 cases and severe retardation in 4. Fetal hydrocephalus proved to have several etiological causes and was associated with other anomalies in 84% of cases. Severe forms of fetal hydrocephalus can, by means of modern ultrasound techniques, be detected before the 20th gestational week. Some cases of fetal hydrocephalus progress slowly during the fetal period. These can be followed until term by repeated ultrasound examinations and good or moderate prognosis can be expected with the use of early postnatal therapy. Only a minority of hydrocephalic fetuses seem to be potential objects for antenatal shunting.
W Serlo; P Kirkinen; P Jouppila; R Herva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0256-7040     ISO Abbreviation:  Childs Nerv Syst     Publication Date:  1986  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-09-17     Completed Date:  1986-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503227     Medline TA:  Childs Nerv Syst     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Gestational Age
Hydrocephalus / congenital*,  diagnosis,  pathology
Infant, Newborn
Prenatal Diagnosis*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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