Document Detail

Prognostic significance of a clearly audible fourth heart sound detected a month after an acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9294993     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Patients (n = 181) with a myocardial infarction, with (n = 20) or without (n = 161) a clearly audible fourth heart sound detected 1 month after the onset of a myocardial infarction, were followed for 56.2 +/- 21.4 months for cardiac events (death, myocardial infarction, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass surgery, worsening angina, or heart failure). The present study suggests that a clearly audible fourth heart sound detected 1 month after the onset of myocardial infarction increases the risk of adverse cardiac events.
M Ishikawa; K Sakata; A Maki; H Mizuno; K Ishikawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-02     Completed Date:  1997-10-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  619-21     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Second Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyorin University, Mitaka City, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Heart Sounds*
Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*,  therapy
Sensitivity and Specificity
Stroke Volume
Time Factors

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