Document Detail

Prognostic criteria for postoperative mortality in 170 patients undergoing major right hepatectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23060396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hepatic failure is a dreadful complication after major hepatectomy and carries high morbidity and mortality rates. In this study, we assessed the accuracy of the 50/50 criteria (bilirubin >2.9 mg/dL and international normalized ratio >1.7 on postoperative day 5) and the Mullen criteria (bilirubin peak >7 mg/dL on postoperative days 1-7) in predicting death from hepatic failure in patients undergoing right hepatectomy only. In addition, we identified prognostic factors linked to intra-hospital morbidity and mortality in these patients.
METHODS: One hundred seventy consecutive patients underwent major right hepatectomy at a tertiary medical center from 2000 to 2008. Nineteen (11.2%) patients suffered from liver cirrhosis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of intra-hospital mortality, morbidity and death from hepatic failure.
RESULTS: The intra-hospital mortality was 6.5% (11/170). Of the six patients who died from hepatic failure, one was positive for the 50/50 criteria, but all six patients were positive for the Mullen criteria. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender, hepatitis C (HCV), hepatocellular carcinoma, postoperative bilirubin >7 mg/dL and ALT<188 U/L on postoperative day 1 were predictive of death from hepatic failure in the postoperative period. Age >65 years, HCV, reoperation, and renal failure were significant predictors of overall intra-hospital mortality on multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The Mullen criteria were more accurate than the 50/50 criteria in predicting death from hepatic failure in patients undergoing right hepatectomy. A bilirubin peak >7 mg/dL in the postoperative period, HCV positivity, hepatocellular carcinoma, and an ALT level <188 U/L on postoperative day 1 were associated with death from hepatic failure in our patient population.
Filippo Filicori; Xavier M Keutgen; Matteo Zanello; Giorgio Ercolani; Salomone Di Saverio; Federico Sacchetti; Antonio Daniele Pinna; Gian Luca Grazi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international : HBPD INT     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1499-3872     ISO Abbreviation:  HBPD INT     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101151457     Medline TA:  Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  507-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
General Surgery and Transplant Unit, Department of General Surgery and Organ Transplantation, University of Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy.
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