Document Detail

Prognostic Utility of Left Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21798494     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Measurement of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is readily obtainable in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the prognostic utility of LVEDP during primary PCI has never been studied. LVEDP was measured in 2,797 patients during primary PCI in the Harmonizing Outcomes with RevascularIZatiON and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction (HORIZONS-AMI) trial. Outcomes were assessed at 30 days and 2 years stratified by medians of LVEDP. Multivariable analysis was performed to determine whether LVEDP was an independent determinate of adverse outcomes. The median (interquartile range) for LVEDP was 18 mm Hg (12 to 24). For patients with LVEDP >18 mm Hg versus those with ≤18 mm Hg, hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for death and death or reinfarction at 30 days were 2.00 (1.20 to 3.33, p = 0.007) and 1.84 (1.24 to 2.73, p = 0.002), respectively, and at 2 years were 1.57 (1.12 to 2.21, p = 0.009) and 1.45 (1.14 to 1.85, p = 0.002), respectively. Patients in the highest quartile of LVEDP (≥24 mm Hg) were at the greatest risk of mortality. Only a weak correlation was present between LVEDP and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; R(2) = 0.03, p <0.01). By multivariable analysis increased LVEDP was an independent predictor of death or reinfarction at 2 years (hazard ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.42, p = 0.03) even after adjustment for baseline LVEF. In conclusion, baseline increased LVEDP is an independent predictor of adverse outcomes in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI even after adjustment for baseline LVEF. Patients with LVEDP ≥24 mm Hg are at the greatest risk for early and late mortality.
David Planer; Roxana Mehran; Bernhard Witzenbichler; Giulio Guagliumi; Jan Z Peruga; Bruce R Brodie; Dariusz Dudek; Martin Möckel; Selene Leon Reyes; Gregg W Stone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Columbia University Medical Center and the Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New York.
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