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Prognostic Significance of Atrial Arrhythmias in a Primary Prevention ICD Population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21605131     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction : We investigated whether primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients with atrial arrhythmias are at higher risk for ICD shocks and mortality compared to patients without atrial arrhythmias in a subanalysis of the PREPARE study. Methods and Results : Details of the PREPARE study design and results have been previously reported. We now included 537 of the 700 patients enrolled in PREPARE. These patients had a dual or biventricular device and at least one device follow-up after implantation. Continuously collected device diagnostics data were used to classify patients into two groups during follow-up: with (n = 133) or without (n = 404) atrial tachycardia/atrial fibrillation (AT/AF). The primary outcomes were ICD shocks and mortality. Subjects were followed for a mean of 333 ± 73 (range 5-365) days. During a follow-up of 1 year, ICD shocks occurred in 44 (8%) patients. Significantly, more patients with AT/AF received a shock (13.0% vs 6.9%, P = 0.03), with inappropriate shocks accounting for the majority of the difference (6.9% vs 2.6%, P = 0.02). There was no difference in prevalence of shocks between patients with and without a history of AF. Mortality was similar in patients with and without AT/AF, whether detected during the study or prior to the study. In addition, the 34 subjects with high average ventricular rate (≥110 beats per minute) during AT/AF had a higher risk of an inappropriate shock (21.0% vs 2.1%, P < 0.01). Conclusion : Primary prevention ICD patients with AT/AF are more likely to receive shocks, especially inappropriate shocks. Mortality was not higher in AT/AF patients. (PACE 2011;1-10).
Authors:
Isabelle C VAN Gelder; Huy M Phan; Bruce L Wilkoff; Mark L Brown; Tyson Rogers; Brett J Peterson; Ulrika M Birgersdotter-Green
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2011, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands Interuniversity Cardiology Institute Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota University of California San Diego, San Diego, California.
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