Document Detail

Prognosis of root-fractured permanent incisors--prediction of healing modalities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2598879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A population of 85 patients, comprising 95 root-fractured permanent incisors followed up to 11 years, was studied prospectively for the type of fracture healing that occurred (i.e. union of the fragments by interposition of hard tissue (HT) or connective tissue (CT), or nonunion characterized by interposition of granulation tissue between the fragments (GT)). Initial treatment was provided according to established treatment guidelines by the attending oral surgeon at the emergency room. Follow-up examination and treatment were provided by 2 of the authors. It appeared that GT could be diagnosed after approximately 3 weeks, while HT or CT could be diagnosed approximately 6 weeks after trauma. Many factors considered one at a time were found to have a significant or nearly significant effect on the type of fracture healing that occurred. However, a multivariate regression analysis revealed that the following factors were significantly related to fracture healing by HT: a large diameter of the apical foramen and severity of luxation of the coronal fragment (concussion/subluxation greater than lateral luxation greater than extrusion); fracture healing by CT: the presence of restorations in the injured teeth at the time of injury and the presence of marginal periodontal disease; and fracture nonhealing by GT: type of fixation (i.e. orthodontic band fixation versus acid etch or no fixation), antibiotic therapy, a constricted apical foramen, increased loosening of the coronal fragment, and stage of root development (GT never occurred in teeth with open apices). It was previously demonstrated following luxation injuries that type of luxation, stage of root development and type of fixation (orthodontic bands versus acid etch or no fixation) determined the prognosis of pulp survival. It therefore appears that the general factors that are able to predict the type of healing seen after root fracture are the same as those after luxation injuries, supporting the hypothesis that root fractures are another form of luxation injury, this time of only the coronal fragment.
F M Andreasen; J O Andreasen; T Bayer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endodontics & dental traumatology     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0109-2502     ISO Abbreviation:  Endod Dent Traumatol     Publication Date:  1989 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-01-30     Completed Date:  1990-01-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508054     Medline TA:  Endod Dent Traumatol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-22     Citation Subset:  D    
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MeSH Terms
Incisor / injuries*
Time Factors
Tooth Fractures / therapy*
Tooth Root / injuries*
Wound Healing*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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