Document Detail

Prognosis after extension of myocardial infarct: the role of Q wave or non-Q wave infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3965166     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We examined whether or not subsets of patients with extension of myocardial infarct were at high risk for early and late mortality. Some data suggest increased risk in patients with non-Q wave infarcts and we hypothesized that infarct extension in this group might be associated with a poorer prognosis than that for patients with extension of Q wave infarcts. A total of 1253 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were included in our data base were followed prospectively. The patients were classified according to electrocardiographic results into the following groups: those with non-Q wave (n = 277) infarcts and those with Q-anterior (n = 462) and Q-inferior (n = 497) infarcts. Extension was diagnosed by two of the following criteria: (1) recurrent chest pain 24 hr or more after admission to the hospital, (2) new persistent electrocardiographic changes, and (3) elevation or reappearance of creatine kinase. By these criteria 85 (6%) patients had extension (8% of non-Q wave infarcts, 6% of Q-anterior infarcts, and 6% of Q-inferior infarcts). Hospital mortality in patients with extension was 15% in those with Q wave infarcts vs 43% in those with non-Q wave infarcts (p less than .01). Nine hundred and fifty-two patients were followed for 1 year. In 24% of those who did not survive 1 year there was extension of infarct; only 6% of survivors had extension (p less than .01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
A S Maisel; S Ahnve; E Gilpin; H Henning; A L Goldberger; D Collins; M LeWinter; J Ross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1985 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-02-14     Completed Date:  1985-02-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis,  mortality*
Grant Support

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