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Progesterone and estradiol in cat placenta-Biosynthesis and tissue concentration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22874432     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ovarian and placental steroids are essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. In some mammals it is evident that the placenta is responsible for the production of steroids. However, in the domestic cat, steroid secretion from the placenta has not yet been elucidated. Our study aimed to find out whether feline placentae are able to produce steroids. Placentae from different pregnancy stages were analyzed for mRNA expression of five steroidogenic enzymes (HSD3B1, CYP11A1, CYP17A1, HSD17B1 and CYP19A1) and for tissue concentrations of progesterone and estradiol. Steroidogenic enzymes responsible for the final steps of estradiol (CYP19A1) and progesterone synthesis (HSD3B) were expressed at very high levels and followed almost the same pattern over pregnancy as the intraplacental hormones themselves. By contrast, the other enzymes were found in very low quantities suggesting that biosynthesis occurs via extra-placental steroid precursors. The plasma steroid profiles measured by other groups differ from the placental hormone courses determined by us; therefore we conclude that the feline placenta can produce progesterone and estradiol.
Authors:
Beate C Braun; Lina Zschockelt; Martin Dehnhard; Katarina Jewgenow
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1220     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015483     Medline TA:  J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Leibniz-Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, PF601103, 10252 Berlin, Germany.
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