Document Detail

Profile of maternal smokers and their pregnancy outcomes in south western Sydney.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10870305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of maternal smoking remains high in New South Wales. In order to better understand the profile of maternal smokers, a study has been conducted to examine the social and demographic characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of women who smoked during their pregnancy in south western Sydney. METHODS: Women and babies of a retrospective cohort of 7,191 singleton births between March 1996 and December 1998, at Liverpool Hospital were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of maternal smoking for the study population was 18.8%. The study found that the sociodemographic factors, such as marital status, ethnic origin, English speaking background, working status during pregnancy, and private health insurance status were independent risk factors for maternal smoking, but maternal age was not. Women who smoked during their pregnancy had higher rates of abruptio placenta, threatened premature labour, and premature labour. The adverse neonatal outcomes due to maternal smoking were low birth weight and increased neonatal morbidity. Smoking appears to have a protective effect on pregnancy induced hypertension. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggests that future smoking cessation programs should pay more attention to addressing sociodemographic and cultural factors that influence the behaviour of maternal smokers.
J Bai; F W Wong; R Gyaneshwar; H C Stewart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1341-8076     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-21     Completed Date:  2000-07-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612761     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol Res     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  127-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Women's and Child Health, Liverpool Health Service, NSW, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Mothers / statistics & numerical data*
New South Wales / epidemiology
Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Smoking / epidemiology*

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