Document Detail

Professional and patient perspectives on nutritional needs of patients with cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15378100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify and compare perceptions of RNs, registered dietitians (RDs), and patients regarding the best format and key nutrition information components that should be provided to patients during cancer treatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using an opinion-based questionnaire. SETTING: Outpatient cancer centers. SAMPLE: 506 RNs and 367 RDs, as well as 653 patients undergoing cancer treatment. METHODS: Two similar self-administered questionnaires were developed, one for patients and one for healthcare professionals. Face and content validity were assessed by a panel of experts. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square statistic, and a Spearman Correlation Coefficient to compare responses. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Patient nutrition concerns as well as format and content of printed educational materials. FINDINGS: Significant differences existed among groups regarding the most common nutrition concerns, the perception of importance of information frequently provided to patients with cancer, and rank order of importance for eight items typically provided to patients. The dietary information format preferred by all groups was an all-inclusive booklet; RNs (75%) were more likely than RDs (43%) or patients (50%) to prefer this format. Data also revealed that almost half of the patients (47%) received no dietary counseling, including 18% who experienced significant weight loss. CONCLUSIONS: RNs and RDs who provide nutrition education to patients with cancer should consider the need to develop and use a variety of printed materials to meet individual needs. Because major concerns of patients and healthcare professionals were related to patients ability to consume adequate amounts of food, this should be the primary focus of any nutrition education materials. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: These findings provide information that can be applied to the development of informational materials and counseling practices.
Vriginia W Hartmuller; Sharon M Desmond
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2004-09-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncology nursing forum     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1538-0688     ISO Abbreviation:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-20     Completed Date:  2005-11-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809033     Medline TA:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  989-96     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anorexia / etiology,  therapy
Cachexia / etiology,  prevention & control
Counseling / utilization
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Supplements
Malnutrition / diet therapy,  etiology,  prevention & control*
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / complications,  psychology*
Nurses / psychology*
Nutritional Requirements*
Outpatients / psychology*
Patient Education as Topic*
Patient Satisfaction
Weight Loss
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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