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Production of xylanase under solid-state fermentation by Aspergillus tubingensis JP-1 and its application.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22271252     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The production of extracellular xylanase by a locally isolated strain of Aspergillus tubingensis JP-1 was studied under solid-state fermentation. Among the various agro residues used wheat straw was found to be the best for high yield of xylanase with poor cellulase production. The influence of various parameters such as initial pH, moisture, moistening agents, nitrogen sources, additives, surfactants and pretreatment of substrates were investigated. The production of the xylanase reached a peak in 8 days using untreated wheat straw with modified MS medium, pH 6.0 at 1:5 moisture level at 30 °C. Under optimized conditions yield as high as 6,887 ± 16 U/g of untreated wheat straw was achieved. Crude xylanase was used for enzymatic saccharification of agro-residues like wheat straw, rice bran, wheat bran, sugarcane bagasse and industrial paper pulp. Dilute alkali (1 N NaOH) and acid (1 N H(2)SO(4)) pretreatment were found to be beneficial for the efficient enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat straw. Dilute alkali and acid-pretreated wheat straw yielded 688 and 543 mg/g reducing sugar, respectively. Yield of 726 mg/g reducing sugar was obtained from paper pulp after 48 h of incubation.
Authors:
Jagruti J Pandya; Akshaya Gupte
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioprocess and biosystems engineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-7605     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088505     Medline TA:  Bioprocess Biosyst Eng     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Microbiology, N. V. Patel College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Vallabh Vidyanagar, 388120, Gujarat, India.
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