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Production responses of two genetic different types of Merino sheep subjected to different nutritional levels.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10818307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The primary selection objective in the South African Mutton Merino is meat production, while wool plays a secondary role. The Merino, on the other hand is selected for wool production. Respectively 20 and 23 of each genetic different type of ewes were used in a 15-week indoor study to quantify the influence of nutrient intake on certain production traits when fed at different levels of their respective requirements during late pregnancy (last 6 weeks) and lactation (first 6 weeks). Results were used to provide production parameters for the two types of ewes and their lambs at different levels of nutrition. Lambing percentage (per ewe lambed) of SA Mutton Merino ewes was 171% compared to 135% for Merino ewes. Live weight gains for meat-wool and wool-type ewes during late pregnancy amounted to 15.9 and 21.9%, with corresponding live weight losses of -8.3 and -1.1% during the first 6 weeks of lactation. Greasy wool production during the last 9 weeks of pregnancy and the first 6 weeks of lactation amounted to 1.57kgewe(-1) (meat-wool type ewes) and 2.84kgewe(-1) (wool-type ewes). Milk production 17 days post partum was 2.33kg/day and 1.84kg/day for the two types of sheep. Lambs of the meat-wool type ewes had a mean birth weight of 4.1kg and an average daily gain (ADG) of 270g/day to 42 days of age. Lambs of the wool-type ewes had a mean birth weight of 4.9kg and a 42-day ADG of 192g/day. There were clear differences in production traits of the two types of Merino sheep, which were in accordance with their genetic differences. The study gave practical production norms for meat-wool and wool-type Merino ewes and their lambs when subjected to different nutritional levels.
Authors:
Brand; Franck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Small ruminant research : the journal of the International Goat Association     Volume:  37     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Small Rumin. Res.     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9885624     Medline TA:  Small Rumin Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  85-91     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Elsenburg Agricultural Research Centre, Private Bag X1, 7607, Elsenburg, South Africa
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