Document Detail

Production of recombinant rat proopiomelanocortin1-74 and characterization of its mitogenic action on pituitary lactotrophs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10509806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We report the production of biologically active recombinant rat Gly-2-Ser-1-POMC1-74 (rrPOMC1-74) in a prokaryotic expression system. The polypeptide was produced as a fusion protein with glutathione-S-transferase (GST), using the pGEX-4T-1 vector and subsequently cleaved by thrombin. Amino acid sequencing, up to residue 45, showed a correct primary structure including the two additional amino acids at the N-terminus, Gly and Ser, derived from the thrombin cleavage site. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry showed a Mr of 8358.5 Da which was 14-16 Da heavier (oxidation or methylation) than the calculated mass. Combined digestion with trypsin and endoproteinase Glu-C followed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and N-terminal sequencing of the separated fragments showed a correct disulphide bridge configuration. In reaggregate cell cultures of immature rat pituitary, rrPOMC1-74 displayed biological activity similar to that of natural human (h) POMC1-76 or rat POMC1-74: it stimulated DNA replication in lactotrophs but not in other pituitary cell types. However, its efficacy was significantly lower than that of the natural product. Gamma3-MSH, a peptide that can be generated from POMC1-74 and a typical ligand of the melanocortin-3 (MC-3) receptor, also stimulated DNA replication in lactotrophs and, in contrast to rrPOMC1-74, also in somatotrophs and thyrotrophs. rrPOMC1-74 increased cAMP levels in 293HEK cells stably transfected with the MC-3 receptor with an intrinsic activity and potency similar to that of gamma3-MSH. However, natural hPOMC1-76 was inactive in the latter test system. These data show that rrPOMC1-74 mimics the selective mitogenic action of natural POMC1-74 on lactotrophs. Since natural POMC1-74 is N- and O-glycosylated and rrPOMC1-74 is not, glycosylation does not seem to determine the selectivity for lactotrophs. In spite of the feature that rrPOMC1-74 is an agonist at the MC-3 receptor and the reported evidence that the MC-3 receptor is expressed in the anterior pituitary, the mitogenic action of rrPOMC1-74 on lactotrophs does not seem to be mediated by the MC-3 receptor.
C Bert; V Vande Vijver; M Andries; P Verhaert; P Proost; B De Vreese; J Van Beeumen; H Vankelecom; C Denef
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular endocrinology     Volume:  154     ISSN:  0303-7207     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Cell. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:  1999 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-19     Completed Date:  1999-11-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7500844     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Endocrinol     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Cell Pharmacology, University of Leuven Medical School, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Cyclic AMP / metabolism
Growth Substances / pharmacology*
Pituitary Gland, Anterior / cytology,  drug effects*,  secretion*
Pro-Opiomelanocortin / biosynthesis*,  isolation & purification,  pharmacology
Prolactin / secretion
Rats, Wistar
Receptors, Corticotropin / metabolism
Receptors, Melanocortin
Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis*
Sequence Analysis, Protein
Thymidine / metabolism
Tritium / diagnostic use
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Growth Substances; 0/Receptors, Corticotropin; 0/Receptors, Melanocortin; 0/Recombinant Proteins; 10028-17-8/Tritium; 50-89-5/Thymidine; 60-92-4/Cyclic AMP; 66796-54-1/Pro-Opiomelanocortin; 9002-62-4/Prolactin

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