Document Detail

Production of maize-bambara groundnut complementary foods fortified pre-fermentation with processed foods rich in calcium, iron, zinc and provitamin A.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20355082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Maize-bambara groundnut complementary foods are deficient in calcium, iron, zinc and vitamin A. Food-to-food fortification could be cheaper, safer and more easily adopted by local communities compared to the use of chemically pure compounds and vitamins to enrich such foods. RESULTS: Maize-bambara groundnut complementary foods fortified for iron, zinc, calcium and vitamin A by blending with a multi-mix (1.41:1:2.25, w/w) of processed roselle calyces, cattle bones, and red palm oil in a 1:2.1 (w/w) ratio showed significant increases in calcium, iron, zinc and vitamin A contents of 3.26-4.225, 0.083-0.134 and 0.015-0.017 g kg(-1) and 4855.3-7493.7 microgRE kg(-1), respectively. CONCLUSION: The maize-bambara groundnut foods had calcium, iron, zinc and vitamin A contents that satisfy the proposed nutrient requirements for infants. Only the maize-bambara groundnut and maize-bambara groundnut malt fermented by backslopping [(MB)(b) and (MB(m))(b)] containing red palm oil emulsified with Brachystegia eurycoma had calcium contents significantly (P < 0.05) higher than Nutrend, a complementary food produced by Nestle (Nigeria) PLC. These products are from raw materials produced in commercial quantities by rural farmers using household level technologies which the rural and urban poor can more easily access in order to reduce micronutrient malnutrition.
Peter O Uvere; Eucharia U Onyekwere; Patrick O Ngoddy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the science of food and agriculture     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1097-0010     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Sci. Food Agric.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-31     Completed Date:  2010-09-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376334     Medline TA:  J Sci Food Agric     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  566-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Arachis hypogaea*
Bone and Bones
Crops, Agricultural*
Food Handling*
Food, Fortified*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Micronutrients / analysis*
Nutritional Requirements
Plant Oils
Plant Structures
Zea mays*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Emulsions; 0/Micronutrients; 0/Plant Oils; 8002-75-3/palm oil

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