Document Detail


Production of dextransucrase and dextran by Leuconostoc mesenteroides immobilized in calcium-alginate beads: II. Semicontinuous fed-batch fermentations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18595088     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cells of Leuconostoc mesenteroides immobilized in calcium alginate beads were used to produce dextransucrase (DS) in three sequential cycles of semicontinuous fed-batch fermentations. Each cycle consisted of a fed-batch DS production period of 24 h followed by a batch dextran production period for another 24 h. Free, suspended cells were used in only one cycle of fed-batch DS production followed by a dextran production period. It was impractically tedious to separate and reuse free cells. Increasing sucrose feed rate from 5 to 10 g/L h led to increases of the total enzymatic activity by about 88% with immobilized cells and by about 100% with free cells. In DS fed-batch semicontinuous fermentation, total enzymatic activity produced by immobilized cells was 1.35 and 1.56 times greater than that produced by free cells with respective sucrose feeding rates of 10 and 5 g/L h. These increases in enzyme productivity with immobilized cells, however, required total overall operating times three times longer (three cycles) than with free cells (one cycle). Growing the microorganism at optimum conditions for DS production also increased the dextran yield and shortened the time of conversion of sucrose to dextran, regardless of whether the cells were free or immobilized. Moreover, during three cycles of semicontinuous operation (144 h) immobilized cells produced more than three times as much dextran as free cells during one cycle (24 h).
Authors:
A H El-Sayed; W M Mahmoud; R W Coughlin
Related Documents :
8433088 - Effects of metallothionein on the observed copper distribution in cell extracts.
21429968 - Proximal tubular injury and rapid formation of atubular glomeruli in mice with unilater...
12052678 - Degradation of phenol by rhodococcus erythropolis upv-1 immobilized on biolite in a pac...
4405028 - Synthesis of inducible tyrosine aminotransferase in a cell-free extract from cultured h...
25443548 - Incretin-based therapy and pancreatic beta cells.
2953128 - Uptake of protoporphyrin and violet light photodestruction of propionibacterium acnes.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology and bioengineering     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0006-3592     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Bioeng.     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-02     Completed Date:  2009-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502021     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Bioeng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  346-53     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology Center, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06268, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Production of dextransucrase by Leuconostoc mesenteroides immobilized in calcium-alginate beads: I. ...
Next Document:  A new biochemical engineering approach to the fractional precipitation of proteins.