Document Detail


Production constraints on learning novel onset phonotactics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18237726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Three experiments addressed the hypothesis that production factors constrain phonotactic learning in adult English speakers, and that this constraint gives rise to a markedness effect on learning. In Experiment 1, an acoustic measure was used to assess consonant-consonant coarticulation in naturally produced nonwords, which were then used as stimuli in a phonotactic learning experiment. Results indicated that sonority-rising sequences were more coarticulated than -plateauing sequences, and that listeners learned novel-rising onsets more readily than novel-plateauing onsets. Experiments 2 and 3 addressed the specific questions of whether (1) the acoustic correlates of coarticulation or (2) the coarticulatory patterns of self-productions constrained learning. In Experiment 2, stimuli acoustics were altered to control for coarticulatory differences between sequence type, but a clear markedness effect was still observed. In Experiment 3, listeners' self-productions were gathered and used to predict their treatment of novel-rising and -plateauing sequences. Results were that listeners' coarticulatory patterns predicted their treatment of novel sequences. Overall, the findings suggest that the powerful effects of statistical learning are moderated by the perception-production loop in language.
Authors:
Melissa A Redford
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-01-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0010-0277     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-28     Completed Date:  2008-07-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  785-816     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The University of Oregon, Linguistics Department, 1290 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA. redford@uoregon.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Humans
Learning*
Male
Phonetics*
Speech Production Measurement
Verbal Learning*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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