Document Detail


Production and carcase traits in broiler chickens given diets supplemented with inorganic trivalent chromium and an organic acid blend.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18409089     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The study was conducted to ascertain the effects of supplemental organic acids and chromium (Cr) on production and carcase traits of broiler chickens. 2. A total of 120 1-d-old broiler chicks were divided into 4 treatment groups in a 2 x 2 factorial design (each treatment group contained 6 replicates with 5 birds per replicate). 3. The diets were supplemented with an organic acid blend containing ortho-phosphoric, formic and propionic acid and calcium propionate (1 g/kg diet) and inorganic trivalent chromium (Cr(3+)) as chromic chloride hexahydrate (0.5 mg/kg diet) either independently or together as a combination for 35 d. 4. Individual supplementation of organic acids and Cr(3+) and their combination significantly improved the food conversion ratio, hot and dressed carcase weight and weight of the wholesale cuts compared to the control group of birds. 5. Organic acids, either independently or along with Cr(3+), increased total accretion of ash in carcase. Protein accretion was improved by dietary Cr(3+) and organic acid supplementation compared to the control group and a further improvement in this regard was observed when Cr(3+) and organic acid were supplemented together. Across the treatment groups meat fat content and fat accretion were lower in birds receiving dietary Cr(3+) supplementation. 6. Circulatory Cr(3+) and meat Cr(3+) concentration increased compared to the other treatment groups when Cr(3+) was supplemented to the birds. 7. It was concluded that, instead of individual supplementation, a combination of Cr(3+) and organic acids may improve the production and carcase traits of broilers more effectively presumably because of an additive effect.
Authors:
S Samanta; S Haldar; T K Ghosh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1466-1799     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-14     Completed Date:  2008-05-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Weight
Carboxylic Acids / administration & dosage*
Chickens / growth & development*,  physiology
Chromium / administration & dosage*,  analysis,  blood
Diet*
Dietary Supplements
Formic Acids / administration & dosage
Gastrointestinal Tract / chemistry
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Meat / analysis
Phosphoric Acids / administration & dosage
Propionic Acids / administration & dosage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carboxylic Acids; 0/Formic Acids; 0/Phosphoric Acids; 0/Propionic Acids; 0/calcium propionate; 64-18-6/formic acid; 7440-47-3/Chromium; 7664-38-2/phosphoric acid; 79-09-4/propionic acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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