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The Production of Conjugated α-Linolenic, γ-Linolenic and Stearidonic Acids by Strains of Bifidobacteria and Propionibacteria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22160449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Conjugated fatty acids are regularly found in nature and have a history of biogenic activity in animals and humans. A number of these conjugated fatty acids are microbially produced and have been associated with potent anti-carcinogenic, anti-adipogenic, anti-atherosclerotic and anti-diabetogenic activities. Therefore, the identification of novel conjugated fatty acids is highly desirable. In this study, strains of bifidobacteria and propionibacteria previously shown by us and others to display linoleic acid isomerase activity were assessed for their ability to conjugate a range of other unsaturated fatty acids during fermentation. Only four, linoleic, α-linolenic, γ-linolenic and stearidonic acids, were converted to their respective conjugated isomers, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), conjugated α-linolenic acid (CLNA), conjugated γ-linolenic acid (CGLA) and conjugated stearidonic acid (CSA), each of which contained a conjugated double bond at the 9,11 position. Of the strains assayed, Bifidobacterium breve DPC6330 proved the most effective conjugated fatty acid producer, bio-converting 70% of the linoleic acid to CLA, 90% of the α-linolenic acid to CLNA, 17% of the γ-linolenic acid to CGLA, and 28% of the stearidonic acid to CSA at a substrate concentration of 0.3 mg mL(-1). In conclusion, strains of bifidobacteria and propionibacteria can bio-convert linoleic, α-linolenic, γ-linolenic and stearidonic acids to their conjugated isomers via the activity of the enzyme linoleic acid isomerase. These conjugated fatty acids may offer the combined health promoting properties of conjugated fatty acids such as CLA and CLNA, along with those of the unsaturated fatty acids from which they are formed.
Authors:
Alan A Hennessy; Eoin Barrett; R Paul Ross; Gerald F Fitzgerald; Rosaleen Devery; Catherine Stanton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lipids     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1558-9307     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060450     Medline TA:  Lipids     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co., Cork, Ireland.
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