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Procollagen propeptides: serum markers for atrial fibrosis?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22407460     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrosis and its spatial heterogeneity are regarded as a substrate for the perpetuation of atrial arrhythmias. During collagen synthesis and degradation, collagen propeptides and telopeptides are released into the blood. This study tested the hypothesis that serum markers of collagen turnover correlate with atrial fibrosis. METHODS: We prospectively included 28 patients in sinus rhythm undergoing cardiac surgery. Plasma concentrations of the carboxy- and amino-terminal propeptide of procollagen type-I (PICP and PINP) and type-III (PIIINP), and the C-terminal telopeptide of type-I collagen (ICTP) were determined. Interstitial fibrosis of left (n = 10) and right atrial appendages (n = 28) was analyzed histologically. RESULTS: We found a correlation between left and right atrial fibrosis (r (s) = 0.79, p < 0.01). Interestingly, the higher the interstitial collagen content, the higher was the spatial heterogeneity of fibrosis (r (s) = 0.90, p < 0.001). However, PICP, PIIINP, and ICTP were not correlated to left or right atrial collagen content, or to the spatial heterogeneity of atrial fibrosis. There was a weak and even negative correlation between the serum PINP concentration and the degree of fibrosis in both the left and the right atrium (r (s) = -0.65 (p = 0.04) and r (s) = -0.42 (p = 0.03), respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A high degree of interstitial atrial fibrosis indicates a high degree of spatial heterogeneity of interstitial collagen. Although serum PICP is known to be correlated with ventricular fibrosis, this and other serum markers of collagen turnover (PINP, PIIINP, and ICTP) do not directly reflect atrial fibrosis in patients with severe cardiac disease.
Authors:
Hans-Ruprecht Neuberger; Angela Cacciatore; Jan-Christian Reil; Stefan Gräber; Hans-Joachim Schäfers; Christian Ukena; Michael Böhm; Christian Mewis
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical research in cardiology : official journal of the German Cardiac Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1861-0692     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264123     Medline TA:  Clin Res Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Kardiologie, Angiologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, 66421, Homburg/Saar, Germany, hr.neuberger@t-online.de.
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