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Procedural predictors of delayed cerebral infarction after intra-arterial vasodilator infusion for vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20577888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE: The goals of this study were to identify predictors of delayed cerebral infarction in aneurysmal SAH after intra-arterial (IA) vasodilator infusion and to select proper parameters for treatment success.
METHODS: Forty-three patients qualified for review. Cerebral infarction was determined by DWI within 1 week of angiographic vasospasm.
RESULTS: Infarction developed in 18 of the 43 patients (41.9%) after IA vasodilator infusion and was associated with a high degree of proximal vessel residual narrowing and angiographic cerebral circulation time (CCT) prolongation at the end of IA vasodilator infusion (p < 0.001). A high degree of proximal residual narrowing (p = 0.018; odds ratio = 1.071; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.012-1.123) and CCT prolongation at the end of the procedure (p = 0.007; odds ratio = 2.203; 95% CI 1.254-4.232) were found to be predictors of infarction by multivariate analysis. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that both variables predicted the development of infarction (proximal vessel residual narrowing, area under the ROC curve [AUC], 0.828; CCT, AUC, 0.866). When proximal vessel narrowing of >30% or a CCT of >7 s by final angiography during IA vasodilator infusion were used as a threshold, the negative predictive value for infarction was 88.9% (95% CI 65.3-98.6%), and when narrowing was >30% and CCT was >7 s, the probability of subsequent cerebral infarction was 100% (95% CI 71.7-100%).
CONCLUSIONS: Angiographic CCT and residual narrowing at the end of IA vasodilator infusion were found to predict the subsequent occurrence of cerebral infarction. The authors suggest that residual narrowing of 30% and a CCT of 7 s could be used as a minimum indicator of IA vasodilator infusion endpoints.
Gyojun Hwang; Cheolkyu Jung; Seung Hun Sheen; Sung Hyun Kim; Sukh Que Park; Chang Wan Oh; O-Ki Kwon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neurochirurgica     Volume:  152     ISSN:  0942-0940     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Neurochir (Wien)     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151000     Medline TA:  Acta Neurochir (Wien)     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1503-9; discussion 1509-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University and Graduate School of Gangwon University, Chuncheon, Gangwon, South Korea.
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