Document Detail


Procalcitonin as a marker of bacterial infection in children undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21385512     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Owing to systemic inflammatory response syndrome, the diagnosis of post-operative infection after cardiopulmonary bypass is difficult to assess in children with the usual clinical and biological tools. Procalcitonin could be informative in this context. METHODS: Retrospective study in a paediatric intensive care unit. Blood samples were collected as soon as infection was clinically suspected and a second assay was performed 24 hours later. Using referenced criteria, children were retrospectively classified into two groups: infected and non-infected. RESULTS: Out of the 95 children included, 14 were infected. Before the third post-operative day, procalcitonin median concentration was significantly higher in the infected group than in the non-infected group - 20.24 nanograms per millilitre with a 25th and 75th interquartile of 15.52-35.71 versus 0.72 nanograms per millilitre with a 25th and 75th interquartile of 0.28 to 5.44 (p = 0.008). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.89 with 95% confidence intervals from 0.80 to 0.97. The best cut-off value to differentiate infected children from healthy children was 13 nanograms per millilitre with 100% sensitivity - 95% confidence intervals from 51 to 100 - and 85% specificity - 95% confidence intervals from 72 to 91. After the third post-operative day, procalcitonin was not significantly higher in infected children - 2 nanograms per millilitre with a 25th and 75th interquartile of 0.18 to 12.42 versus 0.37 nanograms per millilitre with a 25th and 75th interquartile of 0.24 to 1.32 (p = 0.26). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.62 with 95% confidence intervals from 0.47 to 0.77. A procalcitonin value of 0.38 nanograms per millilitre provided a sensitivity of 70% with 95% confidence intervals from 39 to 89 for a specificity of 52% with 95% confidence intervals from 34 to 68. After the third post-operative day, a second assay at a 24-hour interval can improve the sensitivity of the test. CONCLUSIONS: Procalcitonin seems to be a discriminating marker of bacterial infection during the post-operative days following cardiopulmonary bypass in children.
Authors:
Pierre-Emmanuel Séguéla; Nicolas Joram; Bénédicte Romefort; Céline Manteau; Jean-Luc Orsonneau; Bernard Branger; Véronique Gournay; Jean-Christophe Rozé; Christèle Gras-Le Guen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology in the young     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1467-1107     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200019     Medline TA:  Cardiol Young     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of a fatty meal on inflammatory markers in healthy volunteers with a family history of type 2...
Next Document:  Poor post-operative growth in infants with two-ventricle physiology.