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Probiotics supplementation increases intestinal blood flow velocity in extremely low birth weight preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22441111     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective:To determine whether probiotics supplementation affects intestinal blood flow velocity in extremely low birth weight neonates.Study Design:In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, probiotics were added to the first enteral feeding and continued until discharge or 34 weeks postmenstrual age. Pulsed Doppler was used to measure preprandial and postprandial (at 30 and 60 min) time-averaged mean velocity (TAMV), peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity (EDV) during the second week of life after 7 days of probiotics supplementation.Result:A total of 31 infants were studied, 15 were randomized to the probiotic and 16 to the placebo groups. There was a significant postprandial increase in TAMV for the probiotic vs the placebo group (P=0.035), with PSV and EDV showing a trend. Demographic and clinical variables were similar between the groups.Conclusion:Probiotics administration significantly increases postprandial intestinal blood flow in extremely low birth weight preterm neonates when compared with the placebo group.Journal of Perinatology advance online publication, 22 March 2012; doi:10.1038/jp.2012.37.
T Havranek; M Al-Hosni; E Armbrecht
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5543     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA.
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