Document Detail

Probiotic colonization of the adherent mucus layer of HT29MTXE12 cells attenuates Campylobacter jejuni virulence properties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20308300     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The HT29MTXE12 (E12) cell line harbors an adherent mucus layer, providing a novel technique to model mucosal infection in vitro. In this study, we have characterized the interaction of Campylobacter jejuni with the E12 cell line and exploited its unique mucus layer to examine the potential efficacy of probiotic treatment to attenuate C. jejuni virulence properties. C. jejuni 81-176 colonized and reproduced in E12 mucus. Adhesion to and internalization of C. jejuni were enhanced in E12 cells harboring mucus compared to parental cells without mucus. Translocation of C. jejuni occurred at early time points following infection. C. jejuni aligned with tight junctions and colocalized with the tight junction protein occludin, suggesting a paracellular route of translocation. Probiotic strains Lactobacillus rhamnosus R0011, Lactobacillus helveticus R0052, Lactobacillus salivarius AH102, Bifidobacterium longum AH1205, a commercial combination of L. rhamnosus R0011 and L. helveticus R0052 (Lacidofil), and a cocktail consisting of L. rhamnosus, L. helveticus, and L. salivarius (RhHeSa) colonized E12 mucus and bound to underlying cells. Probiotics attenuated C. jejuni association with and internalization into E12 cells and translocation to the basolateral medium of transwells. Live bacteria and prolonged precolonization of E12 cells with probiotics were necessary for probiotic action. These results demonstrate the potential for E12 cells as a model of mucosal pathogenesis and provide a rationale for the further investigation of probiotics as prophylaxis against human campylobacteriosis.
Abofu Alemka; Marguerite Clyne; Fergus Shanahan; Thomas Tompkins; Nicolae Corcionivoschi; Billy Bourke
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-03-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infection and immunity     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1098-5522     ISO Abbreviation:  Infect. Immun.     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-20     Completed Date:  2010-06-01     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0246127     Medline TA:  Infect Immun     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2812-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Medicine and Medical Science, Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Bacterial Adhesion
Bacterial Translocation
Bifidobacterium / growth & development*
Campylobacter jejuni / growth & development*,  pathogenicity*
Cell Line
Lactobacillus / growth & development*
Mucus / microbiology*
Probiotics / pharmacology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  AdpC is a Prevotella intermedia 17 leucine-rich repeat internalin-like protein.
Next Document:  Distinct physiologic and inflammatory responses elicited in baboons after challenge with Shiga toxin...