Document Detail

Probing around implants and teeth with healthy or inflamed peri-implant mucosa/gingiva. A histologic comparison in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11952731     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to obtain a better understanding of probing measurements around osseointegrated oral implants. A comparison was made of probe tip position around Astra Tech implants and teeth of eight cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) in conditions of i) healthy peri-implant mucosa/gingiva, ii) mild mucositis/gingivitis, iii) severe mucositis/gingivitis or iv) peri-implantitis/periodontitis. Histological sections of 128 probes that were attached to implants or teeth with surrounding tissues were prepared by the cutting-grinding technique. No systematic differences were identified in the clinical and histological estimates of the distance between the mucosal/gingival margin and the probe tip. The differences were mainly smaller than 0.5 mm, and in no case were they larger than 0.7 mm. For implants and teeth with healthy peri-implant mucosa/gingiva, the distance between the probe tip and the alveolar bone was similar and ranged from 0.5 to 1.5 mm (P = 0.97). However, the probe tip was closer to bone around implants than around teeth in conditions of mild mucositis/gingivitis (P = 0.034), severe mucositis/gingivitis (P < or = 0.0001) and peri-implantitis/periodontitis (P < or = 0.0001). Around implants with severe mucositis and peri-implantitis, the distance was generally smaller than 0.5 mm, whereas teeth with severe gingivitis and periodontitis showed distances that mainly ranged from 0.5 to 1.5 mm. In conclusion, the probing measurements around osseointegrated oral implants and teeth were different. Even mild marginal inflammation was associated with deeper probe penetration around implants in comparison to teeth.
Søren Schou; Palle Holmstrup; Kaj Stoltze; Erik Hjørting-Hansen; Nils-Erik Fiehn; Lene Theil Skovgaard
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical oral implants research     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0905-7161     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Oral Implants Res     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-15     Completed Date:  2002-10-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105713     Medline TA:  Clin Oral Implants Res     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-26     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Alveolar Bone Loss / pathology,  radiography
Analysis of Variance
Connective Tissue / pathology
Dental Implantation, Endosseous
Dental Implants*
Dental Plaque / pathology
Epithelium / pathology
Gingiva / anatomy & histology*
Gingivitis / pathology*,  radiography
Lymphocytes / pathology
Macaca fascicularis
Neutrophils / pathology
Oral Hygiene
Osteoclasts / pathology
Periodontal Pocket / pathology
Periodontics / instrumentation
Periodontitis / pathology*,  radiography
Periodontium / anatomy & histology*
Random Allocation
Reproducibility of Results
Statistics as Topic
Statistics, Nonparametric
Surface Properties
Tooth / anatomy & histology*,  radiography
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dental Implants

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