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Proinflammatory effect of cholesterol and its oxidation products on CaCo-2 human enterocyte-like cells: effective protection by epigallocatechin-3-gallate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20923702     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cholesterol and its oxidation products, namely oxysterols, have very recently been shown to potentially interfere with homeostasis of the human digestive tract, by promoting and sustaining irreversible damage of the colonic epithelial layer. This report concerns the strong proinflammatory action that a dietary oxysterol mixture and, to a lesser extent, an identical concentration of unoxidized cholesterol exert on CaCo-2 colonic epithelial cells by up-regulating both expression and synthesis of interleukin 8. The oxysterol mixture and its most effective component, 7β-hydroxycholesterol, are also shown to markedly enhance the expression of key inflammatory and chemotactic cytokines in colonic epithelial cells, more efficiently than unoxidized cholesterol. The sterols' proinflammatory effect seems to be mediated by enhanced activation of NOX1, because it is prevented by pretreatment of the cells with DPI, a selective inhibitor of this oxidase. Importantly, NOX1 hyperactivation by the oxysterol mixture or cholesterol was fully prevented by CaCo-2 cell preincubation with epigallocatechin-3-gallate. Consistently, supplementation with this compound fully protected colonic epithelial cells against overexpression of inflammatory and chemotactic genes induced by the sterols investigated.
Authors:
Cinzia Mascia; Marco Maina; Elena Chiarpotto; Gabriella Leonarduzzi; Giuseppe Poli; Fiorella Biasi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Free radical biology & medicine     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1873-4596     ISO Abbreviation:  Free Radic. Biol. Med.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709159     Medline TA:  Free Radic Biol Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2049-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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