Document Detail

Pro-apoptotic action of macrophage inhibitory cytokine 1 and counteraction of activating transcription factor 3 in carrageenan-exposed enterocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25180886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Carrageenan (CGN), a widely used food additive, has been shown to injure the epithelial barrier in animal models. This type of damage is a clinical feature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in humans. In the present study, the effects of CGN on pro-apoptotic responses associated with macrophage inhibitory cytokine 1 (MIC-1) regulation in human enterocytes were evaluated. CGN up-regulated the expression of MIC-1 that promoted epithelial cell apoptosis. Although MIC-1 induction was dependent on pro-apoptotic p53 protein, the pro-survival protein activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) was negatively regulated by p53 expression. However, MIC-1 enhanced the expression of the pro-survival protein ATF3 in enterocytes exposed to CGN. Functionally, MIC-1-mediated epithelial cell apoptosis was counteracted by the pro-survival action of ATF3 in response to CGN exposure. These findings demonstrated that the counterbalance between MIC-1 and ATF3 is critical for deciding the fate of enterocytes under the food chemical stress.
Hye Jin Choi; Hwi-Gon Kim; Juil Kim; Seong-Hwan Park; Jiyeon Park; Chang Gyu Oh; Kee Hun Do; Seung Joon Lee; Young Chul Park; Soon Cheol Ahn; Yong Sik Kim; Yuseok Moon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3169     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7709027     Medline TA:  Toxicol Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
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