Document Detail


Prior and proximate causes of infant survival in Ghana, with special attention to polygyny.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8698708     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examines the role of marriage form in infant mortality and tests the relative effects and mechanisms through which polygyny affects infant survival. A sample of infants born in the 5 years preceding the 1988 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey was used. A causal model was constructed and polygyny was found to be an important mediating factor in understanding infant survival. The findings highlight the relevance of family structure (polygyny) as an intervening factor, but also reveal the complex role of ethnicity, dietary supplement and birth interval in accounting for infant survival.
Based upon 1990 estimates, the infant mortality rate in Ghana is approximately 9.4 times higher than in the US. This paper examines the role of polygyny upon infant mortality. Data for the study were drawn from the 1988 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, with a conceptual causal model developed of the effects of polygyny upon infant survival. Polygyny was determined to be an important mediating factor in understanding infant survival. Rural residence and other Ghanaian ethnicity have a strong positive direct influence upon polygyny compared to maternal education and occupation. Polygyny does not, however influence infant survival directly, but has a significant indirect effect through maternal behavior variables. Study findings highlight the relevance of family structure as an intervening factor, but also reveal the complex role of ethnicity, dietary supplement, and birth interval in accounting for infant survival.
Authors:
A A Amankwaa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biosocial science     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0021-9320     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biosoc Sci     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-09-05     Completed Date:  1996-09-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177346     Medline TA:  J Biosoc Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  281-95     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Department of Corrections, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Breast Feeding
Female
Ghana / epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Marriage*
Middle Aged
Pregnancy
Prenatal Care
Socioeconomic Factors
Survival Analysis
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Biosoc Sci. 1998 Jan;30(1):132-3   [PMID:  9746820 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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