Document Detail

Primary structure and muscle-specific expression of the 50-kDa dystrophin-associated glycoprotein (adhalin).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8226900     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The 50-kDa dystrophin-associated glycoprotein (50-DAG) is a component of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex, which links the muscle cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix. 50-DAG is specifically deficient in skeletal muscle of patients with severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy and in skeletal and cardiac muscles of BIO 14.6 cardiomyopathic hamsters. The lack of 50-DAG leads to a disruption and dysfunction of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex in these diseases. The cDNA encoding 50-DAG has now been cloned from rabbit skeletal muscle. The 50-DAG deduced amino acid sequence predicts a novel protein having 387 amino acids, a 17-amino acid signal sequence, one transmembrane domain, and two potential sites of N-linked glycosylation. Affinity-purified antibodies against rabbit 50-DAG fusion proteins or synthetic peptides specifically recognized a 50-kDa protein in skeletal muscle sarcolemma and the 50-kDa component of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex. In contrast to dystroglycan, which is expressed in a wide variety of muscle and non-muscle tissues, 50-DAG is expressed only in skeletal and cardiac muscles and in selected smooth muscles. Finally, 50-DAG mRNA is present in mdx and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) muscle, indicating that the down-regulation of this protein in DMD and the mdx mouse is likely a post-translational event.
S L Roberds; R D Anderson; O Ibraghimov-Beskrovnaya; K P Campbell
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  268     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  1993 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-12-13     Completed Date:  1993-12-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  23739-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Sequence
Base Sequence
Cloning, Molecular
Cytoskeletal Proteins / biosynthesis,  chemistry*
DNA, Complementary
Dystrophin / metabolism*
Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis,  chemistry*
Molecular Sequence Data
Muscle Proteins / biosynthesis,  chemistry*
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0/DNA, Complementary; 0/Dystrophin; 0/Membrane Glycoproteins; 0/Muscle Proteins; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Sarcoglycans

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