Document Detail

Primary and secondary signaling pathways in early preconditioning that converge on the mitochondria to produce cardioprotection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14715531     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cardioprotective mechanisms such as acute or early preconditioning activate several primary signaling pathways that seem to converge on mitochondrial targets, leading to altered cell metabolism and inhibition of apoptosis. Acute preconditioning leads to generation of agonists, which bind to G protein-coupled receptors, and initiates a signaling cascade that involves activation of phosphoinositide-3-kinase, endothelial NO synthase, protein kinase C, glycogen synthase kinase 3beta, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and other signaling pathways. Activation of these signaling pathways along with generation of reactive oxygen species leads to alterations in the activity of key mitochondrial proteins such as mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channels, the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, and bcl-2 family members. Alterations in these mitochondrial proteins results in altered metabolism and inhibition of cell death, thus resulting in cardioprotection.
Elizabeth Murphy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation research     Volume:  94     ISSN:  1524-4571     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. Res.     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-12     Completed Date:  2004-01-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047103     Medline TA:  Circ Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Signal Transduction, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiotonic Agents / pharmacology
Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial*
Mitochondria / metabolism*
Mitochondrial Proteins / metabolism
Signal Transduction*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiotonic Agents; 0/Mitochondrial Proteins

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